A Director’s guide to share options and LTIPs for company growth

by | Nov 17, 2023 | Blog, FAQ, Legal Updates

Share options and Long-Term Incentive Plans (LTIPs) have become integral tools for modern company directors.

As key incentive schemes, they both offer directors a way to align their interests with those of the company and its shareholders – all whilst driving long-term value.

Let’s explore how you can leverage share options and LTIPs to boost your company’s growth and success.

Share options

Share options, also known as stock options, are a form of compensation that grants the recipient the right to purchase company shares at a predetermined price (the exercise price) within a specified time frame. This practice aligns the interests of the director with those of shareholders because as the company’s stock price increases, so does the value of the options.

Long-term incentive plans (LTIPs)

LTIPs are performance-based incentive programs designed to reward Directors for achieving specific long-term objectives.

These plans often grant shares, options, or cash bonuses, dependent on the Director’s performance and the company’s growth. LTIPs typically have a vesting period to ensure the Director remains committed to the company’s long-term success.

Benefits of share options and LTIPs for Directors

  1. Retaining top talent: Excellent tools in the competitive corporate landscape, as talented Directors are more likely to stay with a company that offers attractive long-term incentives.
  2. Alignment of interests: Motivation for Directors to work towards increasing shareholder value – since their own rewards are directly tied to the company’s stock performance.
  3. Long-term vision: LTIPs, in particular, encourage directors to focus on the company’s long-term growth and sustainability, rather than short-term gains. This is critical for building a solid and enduring company.
  4. Tax efficiency: Share options and LTIPs may offer tax advantages, making them a cost-effective means of rewarding Directors.

Implementing share options and LTIPs

Successful implementation of share options and LTIPs follows a strategic approach:

  1. Objective setting: Clearly define the long-term goals and key performance indicators (KPIs) that will determine the success of the LTIPs. These goals should be challenging yet attainable.
  2. Communication: Transparently communicate the plan to all stakeholders, including directors, shareholders, and employees. Open dialogue is key to ensuring everyone is aligned with the company’s mission.
  3. Planning: Tailor the share options and LTIPs to fit your company’s unique needs. Consider factors such as vesting periods, exercise prices, and performance targets.
  4. Legal compliance: Ensure that the share options and LTIPs are structured in compliance with relevant legal and regulatory requirements.
  5. Regular review: Periodically assess the plan’s effectiveness and make necessary adjustments to stay aligned with your company’s evolving goals.

Common share options and LTIP challenges

While share options and LTIPs offer numerous advantages, it’s important to note that there are also challenges Directors may face:

  1. Cost concerns: Directors should weigh the long-term benefits against the short-term expenses.
  2. Complexity: Designing and managing these plans can be complex. It’s important to consult legal and financial experts to ensure proper implementation.
  3. Share price volatility: Share options are subject to fluctuations in the company’s stock price, so Directors should consider ways to mitigate risks associated with market volatility.
  4. Vesting periods: LTIPs often come with vesting periods. Directors must be patient and remain committed to achieving long-term objectives.


Can directors participate in more than one share option or LTIP scheme simultaneously?

Yes, depending on the company’s policies and the terms of the individual schemes. However, participation in multiple schemes may lead to complex tax implications, so it’s crucial to carefully consider the tax consequences and seek advice from tax professionals to ensure compliance and optimise the benefits.

What happens if a director leaves the company before the share options or LTIPs fully vest or mature?

Tthe treatment of these incentives can vary based on the specific terms of the scheme and the circumstances of the departure. Typically, unvested share options may be forfeited, and LTIP awards may be subject to proration based on the length of service. Directors should refer to the terms of their individual agreements and consider any post-employment obligations, such as non-compete clauses, which may be associated with these incentives.


Share options and LTIPs are powerful tools that can drive a company’s growth and success.

Directors who embrace these incentive programs can align their interests with those of shareholders, attract and retain top talent, and encourage a long-term vision for their companies. While there are challenges to navigate, the benefits often far outweigh the drawbacks. As a Director, it’s worth exploring how share options and LTIPs can work for your company and contribute to its long-term success.

Get in touch to discuss how to implement share options and LTIPs into your business.


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